Tuesday, January 28, 2014
The questions that I receive from coaches across our nation provide good thoughts for us on the game. Here are the comments and questions from a volunteer coach and my thoughts in reply.
I am a volunteer coach in a league coaching kids from U7 to U11. I have taken several coaching classes run by my state youth soccer coaching association. These classes have been very useful, but I continue to struggle with identifying the right coaching moments. I want the kids to be able to play as much as possible, but I also recognize that just choosing the right drills is not enough. I have a few questions.
How do I work on choosing the right coaching moments to interrupt? I don't want to interrupt the flow too often, but I often feel like I have spent too much time talking. How do I work on seeing the bigger picture? I often find myself focusing on the ball and fixing the issues around the ball while missing the problems further away that may have caused them.
Finding the right coaching moment is an art. A coach will perfect that art when one reflects on each training session and thinks about those coachable moments and how did you interject with the players. With practice and personal evaluation, your skills at using the coachable moment will improve. I also suggest that you follow the steps outlined in the Coach’s Toolkit from U.S. Soccer. The excerpt below comes from the US Youth Soccer Player Development Model.
When using a games-based approach during training much can be accomplished, through the use of guided discovery and the coach’s toolkit. The toolkit is a vehicle that allows coaches to teach, correct and influence the learning process of a player without taking away their creativity and killing the flow of the game or activity. The following are tools that can be used to progress from individual to group to team interaction:
- Coaching in the flow – Coach from the sidelines as the training session goes on, without stopping the activity.
- Individual coaching – One-on-one, pull a player to the side while the activity goes on.
- Make corrections at a natural stoppage – Free kicks, ball going out of bounds, injury, etc.
- Manipulation of the activity – For example, a four goal game to teach the players how to look both ways, switch the point of attack or shift defensively.
- Freeze – The least desired way to teach; stopping the session to paint a picture kills the flow of the activity.
Determining which of these tools is best suited at a certain time of the training session is the key to making the session enjoyable while still being able to teach and learn.
Your issue on focusing most of your coaching to what is happening on or near the ball is not uncommon. You simply need to force yourself to watch the off-the-ball players during a training session. I often tell coaches that if you want to know what a player knows tactically about the game then watch them when they do not have the ball. Where are they positioned on the field? What’s their posture? Does their head move (indicates them scanning the field or ball watching)? You’ll need to also look away from the ball during matches in order to see if the team is staying compact and if the players are reading the game. You need to understand that you cannot watch the game or even a training session as a spectator would. You’ll simply miss too much of what is going on. You will have a big impact on the players’ performance on and near the ball when you start to coach them off-the-ball.